Very useful points. It means current thinking and mode on learning is out of sync with science. Sitting in the classroom hearing one lecture after another is not efficient but playing and learning through interleaving related jobs is the way to go. In other words, learning from doing projects is the best.
Taking notes during class? Topic-focused study? A consistent learning environment? All are exactly opposite the best strategies for learning.
First, think about how you attack a pile of study material. “People tend to try to learn in blocks,” says Bjork, “mastering one thing before moving on to the next.” But instead he recommends interleaving, a strategy in which, for example,instead of spending an hour working on your tennis serve, you mix in a range of skills like backhands, volleys, overhead smashes, and footwork.
Similarly, studying in only one location is great as long as you’ll only be required to recall the information in the same location. If you want information to be accessible outside your dorm room, or office, or nook on the second floor of the library, Bjork recommends varying your study location.
If you study, wait, and then study again, the longer the wait, the more you’ll have learned after this second study session. When we access things from our memory, we do more than reveal it’s there. It’s not like a playback. What we retrieve becomes more retrievable in the future.
Bjork also recommends taking notes just after class, rather than during—forcing yourself to recall a lecture’s information ismore effective than simply copying it from a blackboard.
See, once you learn something, you never actually forget it.